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A Red Team approach to cybersecurity is a method of assessing an organization's security by simulating an attack by an adversary. The aim is to identify vulnerabilities that could be exploited by a real adversary, in order to correct them and strengthen the organization's security.

What is a Cyber Security Red Team?

A Red Team is a team of cybersecurity specialists legally hired by a company to secretly test its IT defenses and evaluate its IT security.

Their mission is to simulate real attacks in order to assess the effectiveness of the organization's security program.

The Red Team can be made up of company staff or an external team hired as independent contractors.

Red Team missions

Red Team missions include :

01

Intrusion testing

02

Malware resistance assessment

03

Detection of new threats

04

Social engineering attacks

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Creation of detailed reports

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Development of IT security programs

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Security assessment of networks and applications

08

Management of customer concerns

What is a Red Team approach?

The Red Team approach is more comprehensive than traditional penetration testing, which focuses on identifying and exploiting specific vulnerabilities.

The Red Team approach includes techniques such as :

Social Engineering

Social Engineering

Social engineering involves tricking users into divulging sensitive information or clicking on malicious links. Attackers may use fraudulent e-mails, phone calls, SMS messages or social network posts to target employees.

Phishing

Phishing

Phishing involves sending e-mails that appear to come from a legitimate source, such as a bank or government agency, in order to steal personal information. Phishing e-mails may contain malicious links, infected attachments or requests for sensitive information.

Malware

Malware

This technique involves infecting an organization's systems with malware that can steal data, encrypt files or otherwise disrupt operations. Attackers may distribute malware via malicious links, infected attachments, unauthorized downloads or software vulnerabilities.

How does a Red Team work?

To carry out a Red Team exercise, it is essential that the team explores all aspects of the audited organization in depth.

Define objectives and possible attack scenarios.Define objectives and possible attack scenarios.

Gather target information to better simulate a real attack.Gather target information to better simulate a real attack.

Identify potential vulnerabilities in the organization's systems, including possible entry points for an attack.Identify potential vulnerabilities in the organization's systems, including possible entry points for an attack.

Carry out targeted attacks to identify detected vulnerabilities.Carry out targeted attacks to identify detected vulnerabilities.

Test the responsiveness and speed of the organization's security systems to identify the ability of security teams to react.Test the responsiveness and speed of the organization's security systems to identify the ability of security teams to react.

To provide, at the end of the exercise, a detailed and comprehensive report indicating the vulnerabilities identified and recommendations for strengthening the organization's security. Based on the results of the exercise, the organization will be able to improve its security by taking corrective action.To provide, at the end of the exercise, a detailed and comprehensive report indicating the vulnerabilities identified and recommendations for strengthening the organization's security. Based on the results of the exercise, the organization will be able to improve its security by taking corrective action.

The benefits of the Red Team approach

The Red Team approach offers several advantages to organizations, including:

A better understanding of the security risks facing the organization

By simulating an attack, the Red Team can identify vulnerabilities that could be exploited by a real adversary.

This information can be used to improve the organization's security posture in a number of ways. For example, it can help the organization to:

Why do a Pentest by ZiwitIdentify which vulnerabilities are the most critical and should be prioritized for remediation.

Why do a Pentest by ZiwitUnderstand the techniques adversaries use to exploit these vulnerabilities.

Why do a Pentest by ZiwitIdentify areas where its security posture is weak.

Improving the organization's security posture

By identifying and correcting vulnerabilities, the organization can make its systems more difficult to attack. This can help to:

Why do a Pentest by ZiwitProtect the organization's sensitive data.

Why do a Pentest by ZiwitPrevent business interruptions.

Why do a Pentest by ZiwitProtect the organization's reputation.

Increased employee awareness of security risks

By exposing employees to the techniques used by adversaries, the Red Team can help them better understand the risks and take steps to protect themselves.

Improve the organization's ability to respond to security incidents

By simulating an attack, the Red Team can help the organization test its incident response procedures and identify areas for improvement. This enables them to react more quickly and effectively to a real attack.

Red Teaming strengths

The strengths of Red Teaming are numerous for an organization, as it provides a complete picture of the level of cybersecurity.

  • Red Teaming has many strengths for an organization, as it provides a complete picture of the level of cybersecurity.
  • The Red Team is able to detect vulnerabilities identified in each of these categories
Penetration testing (applications, networks, mobile devices, etc.).

Penetration testing (applications, networks, mobile devices, etc.).

Social engineering simulations (on-site, e-mail/SMS and telephone).

Social engineering simulations (on-site, e-mail/SMS and telephone).

Physical intrusion scenarios (bypassing surveillance cameras, picking locks and disabling alarms).

Physical intrusion scenarios (bypassing surveillance cameras, picking locks and disabling alarms).

  • The Red Team offers a realistic perspective on potential attacks by simulating the techniques and procedures (TTPs) used by real malicious actors to assess the organization's ability to detect and respond to such attacks. This encourages collaboration between the Blue Team (defensive team) and the Red Team.

Examples of Red Team attacks

Red Teaming can be used to test an organization's security in all aspects, including systems, applications, networks, employees and processes. Here are some examples of Red Teaming:

Attacks on the network

Red Teaming can be used to assess the security of an organization's network. Red Team teams can use social engineering, phishing and malware techniques to penetrate the network and gain access to sensitive data.

Attacks on applications

Red Teaming can also be used to test the security of an organization's applications. Teams can use social engineering and fuzzing techniques to identify vulnerabilities in applications.

Attacks on employees

Red Teaming can assess employee awareness of security risks. It can send fraudulent e-mails or organize awareness exercises to test employees' ability to identify attacks.

Process attacks

Red Teaming can also be used to test the robustness of an organization's security processes. And so simulate attacks on incident management, identity and access management or vulnerability management processes.

Data exfiltration

Red Teaming can infiltrate the corporate network using advanced techniques to exfiltrate sensitive data without triggering security alerts, leading to consequences such as loss of crucial data, ransomware demands, significant financial damage and regulatory non-compliance.

Combined multi-vector attack

Red Teaming is capable of combining and merging various attack techniques, such as vulnerability exploitation, malware use and social engineering, to launch a complex attack directed against the organization. The main aim is to increase the attack's chances of success and bypass the company's defenses. This combination of techniques can have catastrophic consequences for the organization.

Why choose Red Teaming by Ziwit?

Ziwit's Red Team is made up of experienced, qualified professionals who use the latest techniques and technologies to simulate attacks on their customers' systems and networks.

Recognized experience and expertise

Ziwit has extensive experience in the field of Red Teaming. Ziwit's teams have carried out dozens of missions for customers in all sectors, including large corporations, government organizations and SMEs. Ziwit and its auditors are PASSI certified by ANSSI.

Security audit

A pragmatic approach tailored to customer needs

Ziwit offers a pragmatic approach to Red Teaming, tailored to the specific needs of each customer.

The teams work closely with their customers to understand their objectives and constraints, in order to propose a Red Teaming solution that meets their needs.

For example, if an organization wishes to focus on protecting its sensitive data, the experts at Ziwit will be able to adapt their mission to focus on the vulnerabilities that could enable an adversary to steal this data.

A proven methodology

The methodology used by Ziwit experts is proven, allowing vulnerabilities to be identified and corrected efficiently. Ziwit Red Teams follow a rigorous process which includes the following steps:

A proven methodology

Planning

Experts and auditors work with their clients to plan the Red Teaming mission, defining the objectives, scope and constraints of the mission.

This phase ensures that the Red Teaming mission is aligned with the organization's objectives and that it is achievable within the defined constraints.

Recognition

Red Teams conduct recognition activities to collect information about their customers' systems and networks.

This phase allows you to understand the organization's systems and networks, in order to identify potential vulnerabilities.

Exploitation

Ziwit experts use the information collected during the recognition phase to exploit vulnerabilities in their clients' systems and networks.

This phase helps demonstrate how an adversary could exploit these vulnerabilities to compromise the organization's systems and networks.

Reporting

The Red Teams write a report which summarizes the results of the mission and offers recommendations to correct the identified vulnerabilities.

This report allows the organization to take the necessary measures to correct the identified vulnerabilities and improve its security posture.

Examples of Red Team mission achievements by Ziwit

01

Red Teaming mission carried out by Ziwit for a large company

Ziwit Red Teams successfully penetrated the company's network and gained access to sensitive information, such as customer and financial data.

They also managed to install malware on a company server, which disrupted operations for several days.

02

Red Teaming mission carried out by Ziwit for a government organization

Ziwit Red Teams successfully sent fraudulent emails to employees of the organization, obtaining sensitive credentials from several of them.

They also managed to install malware on an organization's desktop computer, which could have been used to steal confidential information.

03

Red Teaming mission carried out by Ziwit for a company's internal network.

Ziwit's Red Team successfully infiltrated a company's internal network, posing as a genuine employee and stealing sensitive data. To do this, they used social engineering methods to acquire an employee's credentials, enabling them to gain access to the internal network.

Once inside, these teams targeted sensitive data such as financial information or data, which they then extracted.

04

Red Teaming mission carried out by Ziwit for a code injection attack.

Ziwit's Red Team injected malicious code into a company's websites and applications with the aim of stealing sensitive data or taking control of systems.

Red Team vs Pentest

Red Teaming and Pentesting are two methods of assessing an organization's security. Their common objective is to identify vulnerabilities that could be exploited by an adversary, in order to correct them and strengthen the organization's security.

Objectives

The goal of Red Teaming is to identify vulnerabilities that could be exploited by a real adversary, including technical vulnerabilities, human vulnerabilities and organizational vulnerabilities. Red Teaming aims to simulate an attack by a real adversary, using a variety of techniques, including social engineering, phishing, and malware and zero-day attacks.

The aim of pentesting is to identify and exploit specific, usually technical, vulnerabilities. Pentesting is generally more limited in scope than Red Teaming, and focuses on vulnerabilities that can be exploited by an adversary with a high level of technical skill.

Techniques used

The techniques used in Red Teaming are more varied than those used in pentesting. Red Teaming can use a variety of techniques, including social engineering, phishing, malware, zero-day attacks, DDoS attacks, ransomware attacks and physical infiltration attacks.

Pentesting is generally more limited in the techniques used, and usually focuses on technical techniques.

Portée

The scope of Red Teaming is broader than that of pentesting. Red Teaming can be applied to all aspects of an organization's security, including systems, applications, networks, employees and processes.

Pentesting is generally more limited in scope, and usually focuses on one or more specific aspects of an organization's security.

Duration

The duration of a Red Teaming mission is generally longer than that of a Pentest mission. A Red Teaming mission may last several weeks or months, whereas a Pentest mission may last several days or weeks.

Cost

The cost of a Red Teaming mission is generally higher than that of a pentesting mission. A Red Teaming mission requires greater resources, including more experienced Red Team teams and more sophisticated tools and technologies.

Differences Red Teaming Pentest
Goal Identify all security vulnerabilities, including technical, human and organizational ones Identify technical security vulnerabilities
Scope All aspects of organizational security One or more specific aspects of an organization's security
Techniques Various, including social engineering, phishing, malware, zero-day attacks, etc. Techniques, dont analyse de vulnérabilités, fuzzing, etc.
Duration Long: several weeks / months Short: several days / weeks
Cost High Medium

Choosing between Pentest and Red Team

Pentesting or Red Teaming are chosen according to the specific needs of each organization.

Pentesting is a good option if:

  • You need a targeted analysis of security vulnerabilities in a specific system or application.
  • You are limited by budgetary constraints or a tight schedule.
  • You have already identified the most vulnerable systems or applications.
External Pentest Versus Internal Pentest

Red Teaming is a better option if:

  • You want to assess your organization's overall ability to withstand a cyber attack.
  • You need an analysis of your procedures and the competence of your security team.
  • You're not sure of the specific vulnerabilities present in your system.

What is the Blue Team?

The Blue Team is a group of people within an organization responsible for protecting systems against computer attacks. It adapts its methodology according to the threats faced by the organization. It uses tools and technologies to detect security anomalies, prevent intrusions and ensure the protection of the organization's confidential data.

What are the main objectives of the Blue Team?

Detection of intrusions by the attack team.

Detection of intrusions by the attack team.

Rapid deployment of tools and solutions to prevent security breaches.

Rapid deployment of tools and solutions to prevent security breaches.

Analysis of IT systems in order to adopt the right security strategy.

Analysis of IT systems in order to adopt the right security strategy.

Red Team & Blue Team

The Blue Team and the Red Team are two teams essential to the IT security of a company. They have different goals and roles, but they work together to protect company IT systems from cyberattacks.

The Blue Team is responsible for detecting, preventing and responding to cyberattacks. It uses a variety of tools and techniques to monitor computer systems, identify suspicious activity, and contain attacks.

The Red Team is responsible for simulating attacks against the company. It uses the same techniques as cybercriminals to test company defenses and identify vulnerabilities.

Collaboration between the Blue Team and the Red Team is essential to improve a company's IT security. The Red Team's attacks help the Blue Team identify and fix weaknesses in its defenses, while the Blue Team's responses help the Red Team refine its attacking techniques.

Here are some examples of how the Blue Team and Red Team can work together:

The Red Team can provide the Blue Team with information on the latest attack techniques.The Red Team can provide the Blue Team with information on the latest attack techniques.

The Blue Team can provide the Red Team with information about the company's defenses.The Blue Team can provide the Red Team with information about the company's defenses.

Both teams can work together to develop incident response plans.Both teams can work together to develop incident response plans.

By working together, the Blue Team and Red Team can create a stronger defense against cyberattacks.By working together, the Blue Team and Red Team can create a stronger defense against cyberattacks.

Differences Red Team Blue Team
Main function Evaluate corporate security by reproducing cyber-attack scenarios Evaluate corporate security by reproducing cyber-attack scenarios
Role Play the role of hackers Plays the role of a defende
Method Exploits advanced hacking techniques to penetrate systems Use computer defense tools to detect attacks and respond to cybersecurity incidents
Collaboration Collaborate with the Blue Team to improve an organization's overall security Works with the Red Team to test and improve safety measures

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